學英文寫作,先從上網購物開始?!

2020年6月26日 19:16
語言板同學們大家好,我是Vivian. 前幾天有同學在語言板討論英文寫作能力應該如何培養比較好;除了卡友提到的「寫英文日記」是一個很好的方式,另外,也可以從「觀察」母語人士怎麼寫,來學習英文寫作的邏輯。 其中一個很好的學習來源,就是購物網站的product review。 商品評論其實很像托福獨立寫作。評論者也是需要根據對商品的使用經驗(Example),加入自己的看法(Reasons)、進而推薦/不推薦(Thesis Statement)該品項給其他觀望的消費者。 *** 例如,以下這篇擷取自某Remote Control Holder(遙控器收納座)的商品評論。 標題:I Finally Chose This One (Thesis Statement) Shopping for a simple remote control holder has been an eye-opening experience mostly proving that most of the companies selling them have no idea how to design them. There seem to be a handful of similar styles, probably all made in the same place, being sold by dozens of different vendors. 這篇評論的作者用了很直接的topic sentence表達他對於尋找一個的remote control holder的想法,這個表達經驗的用法可以學起來:“___ has been an eye-opening experience...” 看到這邊,也可以了解作者對於很多其他商品的設計都很不滿意”...companies have no idea how to design them...”, 所以可以預期接下來他會敘述「自己對remote control holder的需求」、「其他商品為什麼很瞎」、以及「為什麼後來買了這個」。 如同上方看到的,英文寫作在開頭就會將重點說出,並讓讀者可以預期接下來會讀到什麼內容。 按照英文寫作邏輯,接下來會使用Reason和Examples來支持論點。 讓我們繼續看下去: WHAT’S WRONG WITH THEM “As much as I searched it seems most of them ignored some simple facts– one is that remote controls don’t all look like they did in the 1990s, they are no longer big thick handheld devices. Many of them these days are tiny credit card style that absolutely gets lost in the cavernous slots most remote holders have; in other words, the slots are too tall and too deep. On the other hand, a lot of remotes have unusual shapes these days, like Tivo, are substantially thicker than regular ones.” ... 這段說明其他商品瞎在哪裡(Reasons); 也可以看出英文寫作的邏輯: 先用一句話(topic sentence)說出重點”ignore simple facts”, 再用細節補充說明是哪些facts:”they are no longer... many of them...”, 也用in other words說明cavernous這個生字”tall and deep” (又學到新字!)。 HOW DOES THIS ONE STACK UP After looking at pages and pages of them I took a chance and ordered this one. ... It has one large slot in the back that can hold many, if not most, tablets and readers, and the front slots have a lip that is low enough to be able to put several card-size remotes in it without them being difficult to fish out when you need them. ... And the price is right. 作者在這一段說明他找到的商品如何可以解決上一段提到的問題”tall and deep”; 是不是很像寫作時常提醒同學的,隨時都要緊扣著Reasons來寫呢? ... BOTTOM LINE Everyone’s needs and tastes are different of course but after the research I did and deciding on this one I like it, a lot, and it’s the one I recommend. 最後總結段中,重申Thesis Statement “it’s the one I recommend”! *** 雖然乍看之下,商品評論好像與托福作文題目沒有直接相關, 但在”we write in order to convince”這樣的前提, 商品評論(說服讀者為什麼這個商品可以買) 與 托福獨立寫作(說服考官你為什麼disagree某個statement)的邏輯與架構,是可以共用的! 英文寫作要進步,需從研究、內化英文的邏輯開始。 同學若要閱讀更多的商品評論文章,可搜尋Amazon’s Top Customer Reviewers. 或是,你也可以嘗試用英文寫寫你的review,多寫多進步!
愛心
29
留言 4
文章資訊