英國欲加入亞洲基礎設施投資銀行

2015年 3月 13日 星期五 08:58 BJT
路透倫敦3月12日 - 英國表示,將謀求成為亞洲基礎設施投資銀行(AIIB)的創始成員。AIIB是中國支持的最新地區組織,已引發美國對治理標準的擔憂。

AIIB去年在北京成立,以刺激運輸、能源、電信等領域的投資。分析師曾表示,這可能會挑戰西方所主導的世界銀行和亞洲開發銀行。

然而英國財政部周四表示,AIIB可望補足這些組織在亞洲區已完成的工作。

英國財政部並稱,本月將與其他創始成員舉行會議,以就AIIB的治理原則及責任安排達成一致。英國是第一個謀求成為AIIB成員的主要西方國家。

英國財政大臣歐思邦表示,加入這一銀行將促進英國與中國等該地區國家的商業和投資關系。

但英國的聲明遭到美國政府的冷淡回應。

白宮國家安全委員會一位發言人表示,美國擔心亞洲基礎設施投資銀行在管理、環境及社會保障方面是否有足夠高的標準。

“需要指出的是,亞洲基礎設施投資銀行的未來成員國要為協議條款采納的標準及執行情況負責,”這位發言人稱。

“這是英國的自主決定。我們希望並期待英國利用自己的發言權促進采行高標準,”他稱。(完)

(編譯 戴素萍/于春紅; 審校 張荻/張濤)


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最近黨媒不斷炒作此事。。。好奇這一新聞牆外的版本是怎樣的。

-浮雲散

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附英文版本,內容比中文多。

UK to join China-backed Asian development bank


(Reuters) - Britain said it has sought to become a founding member of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), making it the first Western nation to embrace the China-backed institution, but the United States reacted frostily to the development.

The AIIB was launched in Beijing last year to spur investment in Asia in transportation, energy, telecommunications and other infrastructure. Analysts have said it could challenge the Western-dominated World Bank and Asian Development Bank.

However, Britain's finance ministry said on Thursday that the AIIB could complement work already done in the region by those organizations.

Britain would meet other founding members this month to agree on the principles of the bank's governance and accountability arrangements, the ministry said.

Finance minister George Osborne said joining the bank would boost the country's push to foster business and investment ties with countries in the region, chief among them China.

"Joining the AIIB at the founding stage will create an unrivalled opportunity for the UK and Asia to invest and grow together," he said in a statement.

Britain's announcement was not welcomed in Washington.

A spokesman for the White House National Security Council said the United States had concerns about whether the AIIB would have sufficiently high standards on governance and environmental and social safeguards.

"It is important to note that countries that become prospective members of the AIIB will be responsible for the standards adopted in the articles of agreement and their implementation," the spokesman said.

"This is the UK’s sovereign decision. We hope and expect that the UK will use its voice to push for adoption of high standards," he said.

China's Ministry of Finance said it welcomed Britain's decision, and would consult with the AIIB's existing founding members on its proposed entry.

"If all goes well, the UK will become a founding member of the AIIB by the end of March," it said in a statement on its website.

The articles of agreement of the AIIB, which will include its shareholding and lending strategy, will not be finalised until the end of 2015, Chinese officials have said.

Twenty one countries were represented at the announcement of the bank in October - Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Laos, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, the Philippines, Qatar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Uzbekistan and Vietnam.

Indonesia later said it would join, and China said earlier this year the number of founder members had risen to 26.

But Japan, Australia and South Korea, the other notable absentees in the region, have not yet announced any decision. Japan, China's main regional rival, has the highest shareholding in the Asian Development Bank along with the United States, while Australian media said Washington put pressure on Canberra to stay out.

Vice Finance Minister Joo Hyung-hwan told reporters on Thursday that South Korea was still in discussions with China and other countries about its possible participation.

Sources in the finance ministry said South Korea is undecided because its concerns about governance and operational transparency had not been addressed.

One source, who has direct knowledge of the discussions, said one of the concerns for South Korea was that the country would not be given sufficient representation in the bank.

"China is reported to be holding 50 percent," the source said. "And if that's the case, there's a likelihood that Korea will end up being a minor member."

(Writing by William Schomberg; additional reporting by David Chance in WASHINGTON; Brenda Goh in SHANGHAI and Choonsik Yoo in Seoul; Editing by Cynthia Osterman and Raju Gopalakrishnan)

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